Keywords: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, Thrombosis, Prophylaxis, Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy, Exercise


An increasing number of publications have supported the determination of thrombosis associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Despite prophylactic drug applications, post-COVID-19 thrombosis cannot be completely prevented. Thrombosis becomes a complex problem that is difficult to avoid, particularly in intensive care patients. It is also possible to see cases of thromboembolism secondary to quarantine and home isolation. In addition to the classical pathophysiological mechanisms in Virchow’s triad, more complex processes specific to COVID-19 may also trigger thrombosis. The aims of this review were to describe physical medicine and rehabilitation practices that can be applied in addition to medical recommendations for thrombosis in COVID-19 patients, and to explain the specific features and mechanism of action of these methods. This process, which starts with education sessions, should continue to reduce immobility as much as possible. Personalized exercise programs should be recommended after evaluating the individual’s condition, exercise history, risk of falling, and comorbid diseases. In parallel with technological progress, more innovative devices have been developed and thus mechanical compression methods and neuromuscular electrical stimulation have become available for this purpose. The most important features of physical medicine and rehabilitation practices are the relatively low cost and the low incidence of complications.


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